What If I Had The Choice Sources & Glossary


  • Amenorrhea: absence of menstruation.

  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): a procedure which involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. Once an embryo or embryos form, they are then placed in the uterus.

  • Oophorectomy: a surgical procedure to remove one or both of a woman's ovaries. 

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH): a hormone made by a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone causes the pituitary gland in the brain to make and secrete the hormones luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). In women, they cause the ovaries to make estrogen and progesterone.


  1. CDC https://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/toolstemplates/entertainmented/tips/BreastCancerAfricanAmerican.html

  2. National Cancer Institute - SEER Cancer Statistics Review

  3. Hoon Kim, Seul Ki Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Kyung Joo Hwang, Chang Suk Suh, and Seok Hyun Kim. Fertility preservation for patients with breast cancer: The Korean Society for Fertility Preservation clinical guidelines.  Clin Exp Reprod Med. 2017; 44(4): 181–186.

  4. Enes Taylan, Kutluk H Oktay. Current state and controversies in fertility preservation in women with breast cancer - World J Clin Oncol.  2017; 8(3): 241-248.

  5. Phillips KA, Collins IM, Milne RL, McLachlan SA, Friedlander M, Hickey M, Stern C, Hopper JL, Fisher R, Kannemeyer G, Picken S, Smith CD, Kelsey TW, Anderson RA; Kathleen Cuningham. Consortium for Research into Familial Breast Cancer (kConFab). Anti-Müllerian hormone serum concentrations of women with germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. Hum Reprod. 2016; 31:1126-1132.

  6. Walker JLPowell CBChen LMCarter JBae Jump VLParker LPBorowsky MEGibb RK. Society of Gynecologic Oncology recommendations for the prevention of ovarian cancer. Cancer. 2015; 2121–3.

  7. Lee SJ, Schover LR, Partridge AH, et al: American Society of Clinical Oncology recommendations on fertility preservation in cancer patients. J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24:2917-2931.

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